Breeding Your Chihuahua

Breeding other canines is not the same as breeding your Chihuahua. In fact, given all of the factors involved, it is a challenging task that begs the question of why we even have Chihuahuas at all.

Information on Chihuahua breeding is provided to ensure that a person is aware of all the very real risks and factors involved, not to dissuade anyone from breeding.

Before deciding whether or not to breed this small dog, you must know the procedure and the occasionally unfavorable results.


Breeding a Chihuahua is not like breeding other, larger dogs because they are the tiniest dog breed worldwide. Breeding other toy dogs, such as the Pomeranian or Toy Poodle, is also considerably different from this.

Consider this again if you plan to breed your Chihuahua to create superior puppies. You will need a few male stud dogs for breeding, and more female dogs if you want to start your program.

Only male champion winners are typically thought to have the superior qualities required to be eligible to become registered studs. As a responsible breeder, your female dog’s registration would prevent a scheduled pairing from happening. As a result, you should start with a high-quality AKC female.

The Chihuahua breed frequently requires cesarean delivery. This can be highly costly and detrimental to the dog’s health.

Whether you are breeding one litter or hoping to become a professional breeder, you need to have all the necessary supplies, time, and dedication.

Lowering The Risk

This is not the simplest purebred to raise. Obstacles arise only from size. The first and most crucial priority must be the health of the mother and the puppies.

Your Chihuahua’s Size

It is important for the female always to be bigger than the male when breeding. Since Chihuahuas are small dogs, if a female is mated with a male, the male should weigh less than 4 pounds (1.81 kg).

Additionally, the male’s parents ought to weigh between 4 and 5 pounds (1.81 and 2.26 kg). By doing this, the female Chihuahua will have a higher probability of giving birth to her puppies naturally. There’s a good risk the woman will require a cesarean section if these instructions are not followed.

If you are a female dog owner, consider your options carefully before putting your pet in danger. A cesarean delivery is often necessary for Chihuahua dams, which can be extremely risky for such a small pup. According to statistics, just 67% of dog pups born by cesarean sections will survive.

Great Dane and chihuahua dog looking to each other on a gray background

Your Chihuahua’s Age

Two years old is the least recommended age to begin breeding a female Chihuahua, while three years old is ideal. Some accounts say one or one and a half years, however the Chihuahua is not fully developed at that age. Safe pregnancy and delivery depend on the pelvic region and hip width being fully formed and at their greatest width. Additionally, Young Chihuahuas lack the strong knee and hip structure that is necessary for supporting additional weight.

For Males

At least one year old is the appropriate age. Male dogs begin producing sperm around the age of seven to eight months, and delaying parenthood until the age of one guarantees that the sperm will be robust enough to reach the female’s eggs. The optimum age range for males is 1.5 to 5 years old. Following this, the sperm will progressively become weaker. Although it is theoretically still possible for an unneutered senior male dog to conceive a female, the likelihood decreases with age.

For Females

should be put to sleep by the age of six (at the latest), or earlier if the veterinarian advises. Before any scheduled pairing, a female Chihuahua should have her breeding potential evaluated. A Chihuahua should be put out of breeding early for various medical reasons, including stress on the back, knees, or hips, or a history of difficult deliveries.

The Chihuahua’s Heat Cycle and the Optimal Days for Breeding

The average heat wave lasts 21 days. The Frequency: This can change every six months. A clear fluid leak for a few days is one symptom. A shift to a cream-colored fluid, a blood change, and an enlarged vulva.

Your Chihuahua may continue to be in heat for a few days after the bleeding stops. She will move her tail to the side if you gently touch the base of her tail, indicating that the heat cycle is still ongoing.

Ovulation can happen at any moment within this window, however, it usually happens between days 7 and 11. It is significant to note that she can carry puppies fathered by two distinct sires if she were to tie with several males in three days.

She should be kept apart from the family during the heat for this reason alone, but not in isolation; she still needs to be close to them to avoid separation anxiety and other problems.
To make sure the process was effective, it’s common practice to let the two selected canines pair up three times over three days.

Pre-breeding Medical Exams

All canine pairings intended for breeding ought to undergo thorough veterinarian checkups. Three evaluations are necessary for the AKC: a patella evaluation, an ophthalmology evaluation, and a cardiac exam.

It is also important to measure the pelvic width of dams.

Dogs with inherited illnesses need not be bred. It is not appropriate to breed any dog with health problems of any kind. Females should be in excellent physical condition because pregnancy will put a lot of strain on their bodies. It is not advisable to breed animals who exhibit odd behavior, such as extreme hostility.

Veterinarian holds Chihuahua dog

After Breeding

If you plan to not breed your Chihuahua, it is preferable to have her spayed. You will benefit from doing this the most, as it is the best thing you can do for yourself! This significantly lowers the likelihood of getting certain cancers.

A female should wait to breed again after giving birth to a litter until a respectable veterinarian certifies that she is well enough to do so.

The usual retirement age is six years old, however, a female may only be bred once or removed from a program at any age due to many health concerns. The priority should always be a dam’s state of health.

How to Breed Chihuahuas In Bref

1. How to Decide Whether to Breed Your Chihuahua

  • To breed, adopt a Chihuahua. You must purchase a Chihuahua that is suitable for breeding if you don’t already own one.
  • Determine whether the age of your Chihuahua allows for breeding. You must determine whether it is ready and able to reproduce.
  • Determine whether your dog is physically suitable for breeding. Are there any desirable breed traits in your dog? Does it meet basic breed standards? The Chihuahua should be a “well-proportioned little dog not to exceed six pounds” and a “compact little dog with terrier-like qualities of temperament,” according to the Chihuahua Club of America.
  • Examine whether there are any health issues with your dog that might be inherited by younger generations. Does the dog exhibit any anomalies that could be inherited by its progeny? A misaligned jaw is one of many abnormalities that can be inherited.
  • Think about your financial capacity before breeding your dog. Do you have the money set aside to cover any unforeseen expenses related to the puppies’ upbringing and pregnancy?
  • Consider if you have the time to dedicate to your dog’s reproduction. Do you have the time to give your dog the care he needs and to handle the puppies daily so they can be socialized with people?

2. Breeding Chihuahuas

  • Know the Chihuahua’s male reproductive system. The penis and scrotum are the visible components of the male Chihuahua’s reproductive system.
  • Comprehend the female Chihuahua’s reproductive system. The reproductive system of a female Chihuahua is mostly found inside the belly.
  • See a veterinarian to evaluate both of the pets. A comprehensive veterinarian examination should be performed on your Chihuahua around one month before breeding.
  • When the female is ready to mate, look out for indications that she is in heat. You ought to be aware of when your female Chihuahua will go into heat again because you waited two years before breeding her.
  • Place the female and male in the same space and let them mate. The female will bow to and back into the male when she is ready to mate and show interest in him.
  • For the best probability of conceiving the female dog, mate the dogs multiple times. To maximize the likelihood of a pregnancy, many breeders will marry their dogs once every two days, or three times.


chihuahua Spaying/Neutering

Chihuahua Heat Cycle- Well Explained

Male VS Female Chihuahua

Chihuahua Pregnancy: Ultimate Guide For A Safe And Healthy Pregnancy.


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