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chihuahua grooming and care

Apple head VS Deer Head Chihuahuas

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deer head chihuahua

deer head chihuahua

Chihuahua owners often can’t make difference between deer head chihuahua and apple head chihuahua.

They always ask us via our Facebook page if there is a different variety of chihuahuas in regard to head size, Our answer is no, there are 2 different varieties in regard to coat…

As you can read in our article there is the long-haired chihuahua that is Now very popular in the world as the short hair chihuahua which is most widely known, They both have the same body structure, appearance aside from coat.

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Breed History

Chihuahua dog was discovered in the mid-19 th century in what we call now Mexico.  Breeders think that this breed is a descendant of the Techichi Dog. However, these later resemble chihuahuas in shape but they are much larger in size.

Experts don’t know exactly their situation in Toltec society. But when the Aztecs invaded the Toltecs, the chihuahua turned out to be very popular. During that period people believe chihuahua can heal a lot of health issues, also they can foresee the future. In addition, they believed that chihuahuas can guide the owner’s spirit afterlife, for this reason, people used to cremate them alongside their owners. In fact, when the Spanish conquered the Aztecs, the number of this breed decreased and they lost their popularity.

The name of chihuahua came from the Mexican State of chihuahua. As when the People of the united state showed interest in this dog, the breeders brought the majority of them from the State of chihuahua.

Americans adopted this new breed. Midget was the name of the first ‘official’ chihuahua registered by the American Kennel Club(AKC° in 1904, he has been a big trend.

The AKC today ranks them as the 33 rd most popular dog in America. The club describes them as fascinating, agile, and sassy. Nowadays, this breed has a high place in American society, especially among celebrities. 

Temperament

Some chihuahua owners claim that the deer heads are companionable and follow the rules set by them in comparison with the apple head. However, there is no scientific proof that supports the owners’ statement, as the shape of head has nothing to do with the temperament in any way. In fact, the breeding and environment are the factors that control the chihuahua’s temperament, and the shape of the head doesn’t affect the temperament.

Regardless of their head shape, chihuahuas in general are stubborn, intelligent, and confident. However, They don’t get along with all types of people.

These dogs are lively creatures, they love life even when they get older they show no sign of slowing down. Also, they love to play and they have a big sense of loyalty towards their families. Because they are very good companions, which makes them very sociable, they may not resist the suffering of separation anxiety. 

Due to their little size, chihuahuas bark a lot if they were not trained properly. Also, they must be socialized, if not they may become over-protectiveness of their owners.

Chihuahuas both apple and deer head can’t hide their feeling about someone or something. If they don’t like someone or something they will show it to you. They are protective dogs even with their small size they don’t show any fear when they feel that their owner is in danger. For this reason, we can say that they are guard dogs.

Even if chihuahuas have been there living among humans for a long time they still have a prey drive. In other words, when they see a creature smaller than them they chase it. They are both faster, however, thanks to their longer legs deer head are more athletic. Which means that they are faster than apple head. 

The mix

Some breeders prefer to mix chihuahuas with other breeds, Due to their spunky personality. For instance, we have The Dachshund chihuahua mix, the Chug Dog mix, and the Pomchi.

Exercise

Chihuahuas in general and regardless of their head’s shape they are both what we call medium energy dogs. This means that they require about 30 minutes of daily exercise. Always, THE OWNER MUST AVOID INTENSE EXERCISES, walking will help. If you are in need of harnessing your little dog make sure to buy a chihuahua-sized harness.

The apple head is known to suffer more with his breathing, therefore the owner has to pay attention to the exercises when during summer days. Its recommended to take them for a walk early in the morning and later at night when it is cooler.

What makes different an apple head and a deer head chihuahua is :

apple head chihuahua

  • Skull: The skull of an applehead is well-rounded while the skull on a deerhead is sloped and more narrow.
  • The stop: the stops on apple heads are close to a 90-degree angle, they are very well defined, while on the deer heads the stop is between 30 and 45-degree angle.
  • The muzzle: on apple head is somewhat short, while on a dear head have a tendency to be longer
  • The neck: on an apple head somewhat is long, while the neck on a deer head is a little bit longer.

Thus, a deer head chihuahua will look like a small baby doe.

Over the years, Breeders have been producing different chihuahuas with different shapes of the head. As the shape of the head become more and more apparent, the breed was unofficially categorized with one of the two head shapes.

The difference between apple head and deer head is based on the chihuahua’s dome, muzzle, and overall head shape.

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You may believe that the two type fits the standard, but this is not so.

When you introduce your chi to an organization such as AKS, CKC, or FCI in a conformation event, To see if your chihuahua fits the standard, an issue would come into play because in this event where the dog is judged on how closely he looks like the ideal standard in regard to appearance.

Are there differences in Nutrition between Deer head and apple head?

The amount of nutrition that a chihuahua dog needs depends on a lot of factors. However, The size and the level of activity are the two main factors. In addition, If the chihuahuas are a lapdog, therefore he will need a little food, and if they are playing outside and chasing other animals all the time, then they will need more food. In fact, both varieties have the same needs.

Regardless of their small size chihuahuas must follow a good diet to keep them healthy, so the owners must feed them the best nutrients.

Is the deer or the apple shape which one fits the standard?

The deer head is the most popular and the most known but what will surprise you is that the apple head is the standard. A lot of breeders around the world believe that the deer is the standard.

Associations like AKC around the world don’t make difference between apple head or deer head chihuahuas. Their standard is  “A well rounded ‘apple dome’ skull, with or without molera.”. They don’t accept any other variations.

After reading this information, Many owners may ask now if their deer head chihuahua is a real chihuahua? Also according to the ACK’s standards, The logic may lead you to confirm that your deer head chihuahua is not an actual chihuahua, isn’t it? Not always.

You can register your chihuahua with the AKC even if your chihuahua doesn’t meet the AKC’s standards. But, the dog won’t win any ribbons for showmanship at conformation shows, such as the National Dog Show, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, or the AKC/Eukanuba National Championship.

There are strict rules that the judges follow when they judge a certain breed. Firstly they use the AKC’s standards, and if the breed doesn’t meet the standard created by AKC. Then the judges will automatically disqualify the dog from winning the title. Secondly, If the dog is spayed or neutered, the judges will not allow him to compete in conformation shows, even if the dog is perfect and answers their standards. Thirdly, chihuahuas weighted over 6 pounds are also disqualified.

After all, deer head chihuahuas are chihuahuas, But it’s almost impossible for them to win any titles in at conformation shows.

How do Dog organizations describe The head/face/skull standards?

The Canadian Kennel Club CKC :

well rounded apple-dome skull, with or without molera Muzzle moderately short,.cheeks and jaws lean

AKC believes that chihuahua should have:

a well-rounded head” apple dome” skull, with or without molera.A moderately short muzzle. Cheeks and jaws lean. A well-defined stop.

The UK has the same idea as the others

Well rounded skull, cheeks, and jaws lean, moderately short muzzle, slightly pointed definite stop.

The FCI defines the face and skull shape in this way:

Concerning the skull it must well-rounded apple head, the stop must be well marked, deep, and broad as the forehead is rounded above the set-on of the muzzle.

Do keep in mind that each chihuahua is individual, thus you may find a chihuahua somewhere that falls in the middle between two types.

Mixtures of both Types

Some chihuahuas have a medium to long muzzle which looks like deer type that is combined with the round apple shape described by the AKS guidelines.

Also, there are some chihuahua dogs that are a mixture of the two types.

Some breeders believe that all dog breeds over the years have been tweaked and over time their coloring, size, and features are not the same. While the others have another idea which says that producing chihuahuas that don’t fit the AKC standard is not for the betterment of the breed and should not be done.

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Over the centuries the change is so big and great that after a certain point if a special look is widespread and consistent, it has broken off into its own variety. And in some special cases, it has even branched out to become its own separate breed.

with a chihuahua, we can’t see this happening any time soon.AS we know this breed has already two varieties long and short coats.

When head shape plays a role?

The deer head is the most popular as we have said already and makes fantastic pets. There are two cases in which the matter of apple VS deer head truly matter:

1. In a conformation show event. The apple head is the one that meets the strict guidelines of the breed standard. So the judges will favor the apple.

2. In order to increase desired physical traits and decrease faults. A breeder may choose to produce puppies that meet the AKC conformation standards.

Behavior Differences

You should notice that any behavioral difference between the apple and deer head has nothing to do with the shape of their heads. Because each dog has its own personality, and his behaviors are related to many factors such as environment, training,..etc.

The applehead chihuahua

The apple-head.As you can see the muzzle is short and the overall shape and curvature of the head look like an apple

 

deerhead chihuahua

This chihuahua is a deer-head, you can see the extended muzzle and thinner head which look like a deer.

Could AKC recognize Deer Head Chihuahuas?

There are a lot of debates whether AKC must consider Deer head chihuahua as a variation of The Breed or No. However, there were so many times when the AKC organization has done so.

The AKC organization once divided the English Cocker Spaniel into two varieties. The first is The traditional English Cocker Spaniel and the second is the American Cocker Spaniel. Later, they adjusted their standards, therefore they recognized the American Cocker Spaniel as a unique breed. There are a few differences between the American Cocker Spaniel and its English rival. The American is shorter and can have more colors. Also, the American Cocker Spaniels don’t have the wild instinct of chasing prey.

The chihuahua breed was separated into two varieties by the Chihuahua Club of America (CCA). These Varieties are Long coat and smooth coat. Later, the Other canine organizations acknowledge after revising their standards the two varieties long coat and smooth coat varieties. Because there’s a strong demand that the AKC organization should consider Deer chihuahua as varieties of chihuahua. Maybe they will do it in the future.

Can I have a chihuahua with characteristics of Both unofficial varieties?

The answer is ‘yes, sometimes chihuahuas are born with traits of both apple head and deer head chihuahuas, or can develop those features later while they grow up. For instance, a chihuahua that has a sloped muzzle of a deer head may form the cobby body of an apple head. Or a chihuahua with an ideal apple head can have a longer muzzle and larger ears of a deer variety.

Moreover, You can never expect the variety of a chihuahua puppy. For example, if you mix two apple head chihuahuas don’t assume that you will have a litter of all apple heads, the same happens thing when you mix two deer head chihuahuas. In other words, breeding the same variety means that there is a probability that one or more puppies will be the opposite.

Puppy Price

The normal price of chihuahua puppies and regardless of the shape of their heads is between $300 and $500 from a well-known breeder. However, The price of a chihuahua puppy from a championship lineage is a little high, starting at around $1,500. And because deer head can’t compete in a show conformation the high price concerns only the apple head.

The shape of the skull of the apple head chihuahua puppy makes the birth extra difficult, which means that they are often delivered via cesarean birth. For this reason, the price may become a little high. 

Breeders

Before buying a puppy you have to put in mind that you should mention the head shape you want to the breeder. If only the shape is important to you. The chihuahua Club of America CCA has a list of the breeders in all states. In fact, these breeders share CCA s code of ethics, they promised to follow strict processes to guarantee good breeding practices.

In summary

Both unofficial varieties are good pets with a lot of great characteristics. So if you are not willing to compete in a conformation show don’t worry about the shape of your chihuahua’s head.

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